Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer in Istanbul, Turkey

Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer in Istanbul, Turkey
Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer in Istanbul, Turkey
October 1, 2016

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer associated with the prostate gland of males. Women cannot suffer from this type of cancer because of the obvious reason that they do not possess the prostate gland. The risk of men having prostate cancer tends to increase with age. For example, it has been shown that six out of ten men diagnosed of prostate cancer are 65 years and above and the cancer is rare in men below 40 years.

Men above forty years need to be checked regularly

The progression of prostate cancer is very slow and usually asymptomatic in the early stages. Therefore, men above 40 are advised to go for regular medical checkups so that this form of cancer can be tracked at the early stage which will increase the treatment and recovery options.

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Acinar adenocarcinoma occurs more frequently

The major type of prostate cancer that has been recorded in most of the diagnosed cases (9 in 10 cases) is the type known as acinar adenocarcinoma. There are other forms of adenocarcinoma as follows; foamy carcinoma, atrophic carcinoma, signet ring carcinoma and colloid carcinoma.

A number of prostate cancer types are rare

Besides the acinar adenocarcinoma, other forms of prostate cancer have been recorded. The other forms are rare with an incidence of less than 1%. The rare forms of prostate cancer include carcinoid, squamous cell cancer, small cell cancer, ductal adenocarcinoma, sarcomas and sarcomatoid cancers and transitional cell (urothelial) cancer.

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All forms of cancers have a uniform treatment

Irrespective of the form in which the prostate cancer comes, the treatment regimen is usually the same. Surgery is usually employed to get rid of the tumor. In the less advanced cases, only chemotherapy may be used. The combination of surgery and radiation is to completely eradicate the tumor cells from the prostate region.

There are less frequent treatment plans that are used in Turkey

Besides the surgery, different other treatment plans have been explored for the treatment of prostate cancer in Istanbul and they are as follows: photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy, streotatic body radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, modulating arc therapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy, gene therapy, image guided radiotherapy and so on.

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Diagnosis of prostate cancer can be done in a number of ways

Like all other illnesses, prostate cancer can be diagnosed in the early stages if the right diagnostic technique is employed. In Istanbul, Turkey, some of the diagnostic methods that are currently employed span across Magnetic Resonance Imaging, PET-CT and computer tomography. Laboratory confirmatory tests like microbiology, biochemistry, endocrinology, toxicology and autoimmune tests may be carried out for effective treatment.

Turkey stands out as a destination for prostate treatment

Medical tourists visiting Istanbul for prostate treatment will be attended to by expert physicians in the field of oncology who will make a comprehensive study of the cancer case using modern technology before treatment is commenced. Also, patients are treated equally irrespective of their nationality.

Radiation therapy has been found to be more effective in some regions

Radiation therapy involves focusing of ionizing radiation beams on the cancerous cells to reduce their rate of multiplication. One of the radiation therapies used in Turkey is the True Beam. Its use has been very effective and has a wide range of usage for several types of cancer. However, it has been found to be more effective when used for cancer of the breast, lungs, spinal region and prostate. Radiation therapy use is also limited because of the numerous side effects that come with it.

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Article highlights

  • Medical tourists will find Turkey as a favorite destination because of the diversified services and medical professionals.
  • Prostate cancer only occurs in men.
  • The risk of having prostate cancer increases with age.
  • Acinar adenocarcinoma is the most common form of prostate cancer.
  • Other forms of prostate cancer are hardly found.
  • The progression of prostate cancer is very slow and therefore, unnoticeable.
  • The spread of prostate cancer is usually located in the prostate region.
  • Treatment for all the forms of prostate cancer is the same.
  • Several methods, often used in combination, are used to diagnose prostate cancer.
  • Use of radiation therapy for prostate cancer is limited for its side effects.

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