With the advent of e-learning, learning is no longer teacher-centric rather learner-centric which is more focused on increasing the learning capability and capacity of individuals. Internet has abundant amount of resource for learning new skills and we no longer have to visit a classroom for it. We can learn from anywhere and anytime with an active internet connection and supportive electronic gadgets. The process of e-learning is best described by the term Heutagogy.
Heutagogy is focusing on learner’s capability
Heutagogy- the term is coined by Stewart Hase and Chris Kenyon of Australia in 2000. It is a form of self-determined learning which challenges the ideas of pedagogy and has its principles rooted in andragogy. In this approach, autonomous learners are self-determined and self-motivated and focus is on development of learner’s capability to make them highly efficient for future complexities. Web 2.0 offers the technological environment that supports this learner-centric approach with the help of internet and social media.
The other “-gogies” of education
Pedagogy deals with the teacher-centric approach of education and is concerned about delivering high-quality and effective teaching. Teachers use various strategies in different situations in combination with different grouping of students. Children in schools are taught in this standardized curriculum approach of learning and builds a community confidence in the quality of teaching.
Andragogy moves to the learner-centric approach and addresses the specific needs of education of adults. It focuses more on realistic problems of adults and are taught in an informal environment. It focuses on autonomous and self-directed learners who have the will to study and are taught what they want.
5 heutagogical tips to keep learners coming back in future
Tip # 1: Explain the learning process
As most of the adult learners had not grown alongside computers, it will be beneficial if along with content, the learning process is also explained to them. Instructors should tell them advantages of heutagogical learning and also different strategies they can adopt for an effective learning. Learners are not self-motivated and autonomous at the beginning but as they progress, their approach towards learning becomes more mature by incorporating useful strategies.
Tip # 2: Take feedback from the learner
It is important to understand why the learner is interested in taking a particular course. It is a very crucial step as it will help in analyzing them better in future. Also if their needs become clear, they can be provided meaningful opportunities .
Tip # 3: Make asynchronous course structure
Heutagogic learners are mostly working professionals who wish to gain beneficial skills for career advancement. So, it is important that the course is asynchronous to enable them to learn from anywhere and anytime. Whether it’s their recess time or at the odd hours of night, they can learn whenever they get some free time from their busy schedule.
Tip # 4: Build short and valuable content
If the topic content is short and crisp, it becomes more effective for learners to grasp the idea quickly. Providing short and direct videos mostly within 120 seconds will enable busy learners to come back for a quick “bite”.
Tip # 5: Encourage active participation in group activities
The key thing to remember about Heutagogy is active participation from the learners. This can be done by the creation of active groups in the dashboard of learner, Live chat rooms and different events that promotes group participation. Having a supportive personal learning network will help the individual to become self-dependent and they can manage the learning process on their own.
- Process of e-learning is based on the principles of Heutagogy.
- Heutagogy is a form of self-determined learning which focuses on increasing the capability and capacity of learner.
- Heutagogy is coined by Stewart Hase and Chris Kenyon of Australia in 2000.
- Pedagogy is the teacher-centric approach of delivering education to children in schools.
- Andragogy is the learner-centric approach of delivering education to adults and focuses on their specific needs.
- Instructors should explain the learning process and also provide useful tips and strategies for effective learning.
- Feedback should be taken from the learner for understanding their individual need and expectation from the course.
- As most learners have a busy schedule, so asynchronous course structure will enable them to learn from anywhere and anytime they want.
- Content should be short and effective so that learners can grasp the idea quickly.
- Encouraging active participation in group activities among learners will enable them to become self-determined and self-motivated to manage the process on their own.
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